Background: Acute urinary retention is one of the most common emergencies in urology. Mostly found in male patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). This study aims to determine the relationship of prostate volume and intravesical prostatic protrusion with the incidence of acute urinary retention in BPH patients.
Methods: The design of this study was an observational analytic study with a cross sectional approach. The population is all the patient with a diagnosis of BPH that coming to the surgical polyclinic of the District Hospital of Buleleng District within the period of May to August 2017. Eighty-two patients met the study criteria. Data analysis was performed using univariat and bivariate analysis with confidence interval P <0.05.
Results: Bivariate analysis showed that prostate volume 41-70cc and > 70cc Â [OR 5.6 (95% CI 1.7â”€17.9), P=0.002; OR 13.6 (95% CI 2.7â”€98.1), P=0.001] and intravesical prostatic protrusion 0.6-1.0 cm and > 1,0 cm [OR 6.2 (95% CI 1.9â”€19.8), P=0.001; OR 7.4 (95% CI 2.3â”€24.4), P=0.001] has a statistically significant association with the incidence of acute retention in BPH patients.
Conclusions: The greater the prostate volume and intravesical prostatic protrusion the greater the risk of acute urinary retention in BPH patients.